Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0
Dianthus caryophyllus
HSF Family
Species TF ID Description
Dca14360.1HSF family protein
Dca19769.1HSF family protein
Dca22545.1HSF family protein
Dca23163.1HSF family protein
Dca24054.1HSF family protein
Dca39623.1HSF family protein
Dca41703.1HSF family protein
Dca41810.1HSF family protein
Dca44175.1HSF family protein
Dca4574.1HSF family protein
Dca48010.1HSF family protein
Dca48996.1HSF family protein
Dca52568.1HSF family protein
Dca54105.1HSF family protein
Dca57201.1HSF family protein
Dca60410.1HSF family protein
Dca9629.1HSF family protein
HSF Family Introduction

Heat stress transcription factors (Hsfs) are the major regulators of the plant heat stress (hs) response. Sequencing of the Arabidopsis genome revealed the existence of 21 open-reading frames (ORFs) encoding putative Hsfs assigned to classes A-C. Here we present results of a functional genomics approach to the Arabidopsis Hsf family focused on the analysis of their C-terminal domains (CTDs) harboring conserved modules for their function as transcription factors and their intracellular localization. Using reporter assays in tobacco protoplasts and yeast as well as glutathione-S-transferase (GST) pull-down assays, we demonstrate that short peptide motifs enriched with aromatic and large hydrophobic amino acid (aa) residues embedded in an acidic surrounding (AHA motifs) are essential for transcriptional activity of class A Hsfs. In contrast to this, class B and C Hsfs lack AHA motifs and have no activator function on their own. We also provide evidence for the function of a leucine (Leu)-rich region centered around a conserved QMGΦL motif at the very C-terminus as a nuclear export signal (NES) of class A Hsfs. Sequence comparison indicates that the combination of a C-terminal AHA motif with the consensus sequence FWxxF/L,F/I/L as well as the adjacent NES represents a signature domain for plant class A Hsfs, which allowed to identify more than 60 new Hsfs from the expressed sequence tag (EST) database.

Kotak S, Port M, Ganguli A, Bicker F, von Koskull-Doring P.
Characterization of C-terminal domains of Arabidopsis heat stress transcription factors (Hsfs) and identification of a new signature combination of plant class A Hsfs with AHA and NES motifs essential for activator function and intracellular localization.
Plant J, 2004. 39(1): p. 98-112.
PMID: 15200645